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Wild Edible Plant

Foeniculum Vulgare


Family: Apiaceae
English Common Name: Fennel
Arabic Name: شومر، شمرة

Flowering Dates

Jan Feb Mar Aprl May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec


  • Dry stony calcareous soils
  • Can grow in dry or moist soil and can tolerate drought.
  • The plant can also tolerate strong winds but not maritime exposure.
  • Middle East, Southern Europe and Southwest Asia

Cooking Tips

Edible Parts: All parts (leaves, leaf stalks, flower heads, and roots)
Modes of Consumption: Leaves can be eaten raw in salads or cooked; leaf stalks and flower heads can be eaten raw or cooked; the aromatic seeds are used as a flavoring in cakes, bread, and stuffings; roots can be eaten cooked.

Fennel Omelet
Fennel Salad
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