English Common Name: Dwarf Chicory
Arabic Name: هندبة برية
Cichorium intybus, or dwarf chicory, is a somewhat woody, perennial herbaceous plant usually with bright blue petals. Many are cultivated for salad leaves, or roots, which are often baked and ground. It is seen on roadsides, mostly in Europe, North America, and Australia.
Heat- treated juices of the plant exhibit antioxidative properties, by considerably protecting against lipid oxidation. The anti-oxidative action of chicory was due to antiradical, anti-peroxidative and iron-chelating qualities. In addition to anti-oxidative properties, further research reported anti-gout effects. Chicory extracts inhibited xanthine oxidase, an enzyme that catalyses pathways leading to hyperuricemia (level of acid in the blood that is unusually high).